Item Details

Title: Comparative Analysis of Pesticide Use Determinants Among Smallholder Farmers From Costa Rica and Uganda

Date Published: 2020
Author/s: Philipp Staudacher, Samuel Fuhrimann, Andrea Farnham, Ana M Mora, Aggrey Atuhaire, Charles Niwagaba, Christian Stamm, Rik IL Eggen and Mirko S Winkler
Data publication:
Funding Agency :
Copyright/patents/trade marks:
Journal Publisher:
Affiliation: 1Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Du¨bendorf, Switzerland. 2Institute of
Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, CHN, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland. 3Institute for Risk
Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, CM Utrecht, the Netherlands. 4Department of Epidemiology
and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland. 5University of Basel,
Basel, Switzerland. 6Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances (IRET), Universidad
Nacional, Heredia, Costa Rica. 7Center for Environmental Research and Children’s Health (CERCH),
School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA. 8Uganda National
Association of Community and Occupational Health (UNACOH), Kampala, Uganda. 9Department of Civil
and Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering, Design, Art and Technology (CEDAT), Makerere
University, Kampala, Uganda
Keywords: Agriculture, highly-hazardous, pesticides, KAP, knowledge, attitude, practices, smallholder, farmer


Pesticides are used globally in agriculture and pose a threat to the health of farmers, communities, and the environment. Smallholder farmers in lowand middle-income countries have generally a low socio-economic status and educational level. Consequently, they are particularly vulnerable to
negative impacts of pesticides on their health, yields, or land. In a Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices study, we compared the pest management
practices between a market-oriented farming system in Zarcero County, Costa Rica, and a subsistence-based farming system in Wakiso District,
Uganda. We conducted a cross-sectional survey among smallholder farmers from Costa Rica (n = 300) in 2016 and from Uganda (n = 302) in 2017