Item Details

Title: Molecular diagnostic tools targeting different taxonomic levels of Xanthomonads aid in disease management

Date Published: 2012
Author/s: J. Adriko, E.R. Mbega, R.B. Mabagala, C.N. Mortensen, E.G. Wulff, W.K. Tushemereirwe, J. Kubiriba and O.S. Lund
Data publication:
Funding Agency : DANIDA
Copyright/patents/trade marks: National Agricultural Research Organisation
Journal Publisher: Uganda Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Affiliation: 1Danish Seed Health Centre for Developing Countries, Department of Plant and Environmental
Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Hoejbakkegaard Alle 30 DK-2630,
Taastrup, Denmark
2African Seed Health Centre, Department of Crop Science and Production, Sokoine University of
Agriculture, P. O. Box 3005, Morogoro, Tanzania
3National Agricultural Research Laboratories, Kawanda, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda
Keywords: Banana xanthomonas wilt, molecular diagnosis, PCR, multiplex PCR, Xanthomonas, Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum


Effective plant disease management requires quick, accurate and specific diagnostic techniques,
which in turn help in disease surveillance, regulation of material movement and ensure good
quality planting material. When investigating emerging diseases with no existing specific
diagnostic protocols, it can be useful to apply tools detecting all members of a genus as one. On
the other hand, the banana xanthomonas wilt devastating East and Central Africa had no specific
detection tool available over ten years after its first report. In this article, we present molecular
diagnostic tools developed for genus, species and pathovar specific detection of Xanthomonas
campestris pv. musacearum (Xcm). The tools included; i) primers developed based on the internal
transcribed spacer region (ITS) of the ribosomal DNA (X-ITS) and a xanthan biosynthetic gene
(gumD) (X-gumD) for genus level Xanthomonas detection; ii) primers based on the hypothetical
protein NZ_ACHT01000085 (NZ085) for specific detection of the species X. vasicola and the
general secretion protein D NZ_ACHT01000280 (GspDm) for specific detection of Xcm. The XITS
and X-gumD primers specifically amplified DNA from xanthomonads giving 254 and 402 bp
fragments, respectively without amplifying DNA of non-xanthomonads. PCR primers NZ085
specifically amplified a 349 bp fragment from DNA of Xcm, X. vasicola pv. holcicola (Xvh) and X.
axonopodis pv. vasculorum (Xav) proposed to belong to the species X. vasicola. The GspDm primers
amplified a 265bp DNA fragment of Xcm isolates tested with no DNA amplification of other plant
associated-bacteria, including the two closely related Xvh and Xav. This provides a promising
disease detection approach for both unknown and suspected pathogens.