Item Details

Title: Urban and peri-urban crop farming in Central Uganda: Characteristics, constraints and opportunities for household food security and income

Date Published: 2017
Author/s: Mugisa, I. O., Fungo, B., Adur, S. O., Ssemalulu, O., Molly, A., Atim, J., Nakyagaba, W., Kizza, T., Kabanyoro, R., Sseruwu, G. and Akello, B. O
Data publication:
Funding Agency :
Copyright/patents/trade marks:
Journal Publisher: African Journal of Plant Science
Affiliation: 1Mukono Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MuZARDI), National Agricultural Research
Organization (NARO) P.O. Box. 164, Mukono, Uganda.
2National Forestry Resources Research Institute (NaFORRI), National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) P.O.
Box. 1752, Kampala, Uganda.
3National Crops Resources Research Institute (NaCCRI), Namulonge, National Agricultural Research Organization
(NARO) P.O Box 7084, Kampala, Uganda.
4National Research Laboratories (NARL), Kawanda, National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) P.O Box
7065, Kampala, Uganda.
Keywords: Urban and peri-urban farming, cropping practices, food security, income.


Urban and peri-urban farming has a potential to address challenges related to food insecurity among
city and town dwellers. It provides the urban population with food, nutrition and a source of income and
employment, thus reducing on poverty and food scarcity. It has the advantage of proximity to urban
markets which saves on transportation costs, thereby increasing farmers’ profitability. This study was
carried out to establish the current characteristics and trends of urban and peri-urban crop farming in
Central Uganda. To accomplish this, a household survey was conducted in Kampala, Wakiso and
Masaka districts, Central Uganda. A total of 297 farming households were interviewed on a number of
aspects including cropping practices, income sources, home gardening techniques, marketing,
irrigation and household waste management. Focus group discussions were also held in each district.
Cropping activities were found to contribute on average 40% to the income of farming households,
complementing other livelihood sources such as transport business, livestock production, formal
employment and other trade. The major crops grown were vegetables, maize, beans, bananas and
avocado. A number of home gardening techniques were identified among farmers, for instance,
growing crops on food towers, in buckets and bags (sacks). Irrigation and fertilizer application were
practiced by 60% of households, mainly on vegetables. Sixty-four percent of the households recycled
waste and of these, 75% converted kitchen waste into manure for crop production. We recommend
farmers’ training on use of household biodegradable waste in home gardening for improved nutrient
use efficiency, economical irrigation water management strategies, and other agronomic and marketing
aspects of crops that are commercially viable in urban areas, particularly horticultural crops.