The agricultural sector is the most important sector of the Ugandan economy. Empirical evidence attests
to this. For example the share of the agricultural sector to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is about 21
percent (at the then current prices). According to the Agricultural Module of the 2002 Population and
Housing Census, the agricultural sector accounted for 73 percent of the total employment for the persons
aged 10 years and above. In addition, 74 percent of the households had an agricultural holding. The long
term vision of the Government of Uganda is to eradicate poverty and the strategies for this vision are
defined in the then Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP) which has been transformed into the National
Development Plan (NDP).