Item Details

Title: Evaluation of a lateral flow device for in-field detection
of Banana Xanthomonas Wilt and its application in
tracking the systemicity of Xanthomonas campestris
pv. musacearum

Date Published: 2016
Author/s: Georgina Karamura, Dennis Ochola, Julian Smith, Jerome Kubiriba and Eldad Karamura
Data publication:
Funding Agency : Mcknight Foundation
Copyright/patents/trade marks: African Journal of Agricultural Research
Journal Publisher: African Journal of Agricultural Research
Affiliation: National Agricultural Research Laboratories, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda., Bioversity International, East and Southern Africa, P. O. Box 24384, Kampala, Uganda., Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA) Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK
Keywords: Banana Xanthomonas Wilt lateral flow device (BXW LFD), Banana Xanthomonas wilt,
Xanthomonas campestris pv musacearum, complete systemicity, incomplete systemicity, lateral flow device


Early detection of Banana Xanthomonas Wilt (BXW) in the field and immediate destruction of infected
plants or plant tissue are key control methods to prevent the introduction and spread of BXW. This
requires rapid, cost-effective and an on- site diagnostic tool to detect the bacterium, Xanthomonas
campestris pv musacearum (Xcm). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection technique for BXW is
efficient but requires expensive equipment and knowledgeable expertise; this limits PCR application to
the laboratory. This study therefore was carried out to evaluate the enzyme-linked immunosorbent
assay (ELISA) tool configured as a lateral flow device (LFD) for detection of Xcm. Studies on the
systemicity of Xcm in banana were carried out using the BXW-LFD in a field trial of 300 banana plants of
Pisang Awak inoculated with the Xcm at Kiifu Forest, Mukono District, Uganda. Pseudo-stem samples
from symptomatic and asymptomatic suckers were collected and tested with the LFD and the results
compared with conventional PCR using the GspDm BXW primers. The LFD was able to detect Xcm 3
days post inoculation (dpi), 2 cm above and below inoculation site, 15 to 35 days in the pseudo-stem, 35
to 42 days to reach the corm and 81 days in the lateral roots. The rate of Xcm movement in banana was
found to be sigmoid in nature, leveling off as the bacteria moved down the pseudo-stem towards the
corm. Conventional PCR was only 24% more sensitive than the LFD. The use of the BXW LFD can
therefore boost BXW control measures through improved surveillance and quarantine services to arrest
the introduction and spread of the disease within and between national borders.