Item Details

Title: Characterization of Genetic Biodiversity of Nile perch, Lates niloticus, Tilapiines, Haplochromine flock and Ningu (Labeo victorianus) in the Victoria Lake Basin: an overview

Date Published: 2000
Author/s: Mwanja Wilson, Ogutu-Ohwayo, R
Data publication:
Funding Agency :
Copyright/patents/trade marks:
Journal Publisher:
Affiliation: National Agricultural Research Organisation,
Fisheries Research Institute, P.o. Box 343, Jinja (Uj


Genetic biodiversity is the vaflatlOn among individuals within and between units of interbreeding individuals (populations) of a species. It includes inheritable and transmittable differences that occur between individuals andlor popuhitions of a given species through reproductive interaction. There exists enormous variability among individuals andlor populations of a species for most living organisms, and most of this variation is inheritable. Differences among individuals arise through mutation and via recombination of genes during meiosis. These differences are then transmitted to successive generations through sexual reproduction and maintained in the populations through processes such as natural selection and genetic drift. Unfortunately much of this variation is normally threatened and often in danger of extinction because most focus in conservation of natural resources is put at saving species or habitats than varieties or strains of a species.