Item Details

Title: Development of two high-yielding, consumeracceptable
apple banana hybrids (Musa species, AAB
genome group) with resistance to Fusarium oxysporum
f. sp. cubense race 1

Date Published: March, 2018
Author/s: Henry Buregyeya, Robooni Tumuhimbise, Jerome Kubiriba, David Talengera, Kephas
Nowankunda, Geofrey Arinaitwe, Wilberforce K. Tushemereirwe, Deborah Karamura,
Eldad Karamura and Patrick Rubeihayo
Data publication:
Funding Agency :
Copyright/patents/trade marks:
Journal Publisher: Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Affiliation: National Banana Research Programme, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala,
Uganda., Bioversity International, P. O. Box 24384, Kampala, Uganda, Department of Agricultural Production, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P. O.
Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
Keywords: Dessert banana hybrids, host plant resistance, Panama disease, sensory attributes.


Fusarium wilt of bananas (Musa species) is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc). Foc
race 1 in particular affects dessert bananas in Uganda, causing >60% yield loss. This study was
conducted to assess the performance of two new apple banana genotypes for bunch yield, resistance
to Foc race 1 and consumer acceptability. The new apple banana genotypes (NAMU1 and NAMU2),
along with two check cultivars, one susceptible but preferred by consumers (Sukali ndiizi) and the other
resistant (Yangambi-KM5), were evaluated at the National Agricultural Research Laboratories in Uganda.
Bunch yields of the two new apple bananas were higher than those of check cultivars by >50%. NAMU1
and Yangambi-KM5 showed no symptoms of Foc race 1, whereas NAMU2 showed mild symptoms on its
corms. Sukali ndiizi showed severe pseudostem splitting and corm discoloration as the key symptoms
of Foc race 1. The consumer acceptability of NAMU1 and NAMU2 was as high as that of Sukali ndiizi,
implying that they can be perfect substitutes for the Foc race 1 susceptible Sukali ndiizi