Item Details

Title: Production Determinants of the Pearl Millet Cropping System in Uganda and Implications to Productivity

Date Published: 2016
Author/s: G. Lubadde, P. Tongoona, J. Derera & J. Sibiya
Data publication:
Funding Agency :
Copyright/patents/trade marks:
Journal Publisher: Journal of Agricultural Science
Affiliation: National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute, Soroti, Uganda
2 College of Agriculture, Engineering and Science, University of Kwazulu Natal, Scottsville, South Africa
Keywords: pearl millet, production determinants, desired traits, constraints, rural appraisal


Pearl millet is an important crop for people living in semi-arid areas in Uganda but not much is known about its
production environment. A survey was conducted in eastern and northern regions of Uganda to characterise the
pearl millet cropping system and to identify the most important production determinants. Using questionnaires,
data was collected from 160 households through face-to-face interviews with the respondents. Results showed
that pearl millet was mainly grown for food and source of income. The production environment was low input as
farmers planted unimproved genotypes, used no artificial chemicals or manure, and had minimal access to
financial credit and agricultural trainings or extension services. Planting was done in the second rains with no
optimal use of important resources like family labour and seed due to seed broadcasting. Farmers desired
genotypes with traits such as; stay green, being tall, high tillering, high yield, early maturity and being ergot
resistant. The most important constraints were ergot and rust diseases susceptibility, low yield, low tillering, late
maturity, sterile panicles, rodents, moulds/rotting and insect pests; while lack of market, low prices and price
fluctuation were the important market constraints. Results further showed that farmers lacked knowledge about
the common diseases like rust and ergot. The area planted, spouse age and years of pearl millet cultivation were
the important factors enhancing production while age of household head, amount of seed planted and distance to
the market negatively affected grain yield.