Item Details

Title: Management of the Nile perch, Lates niloticus fishery In Lal<:e Victoria in light of the changes in its life history characteristics

Date Published: 2004
Author/s: Richard Ogutu-Ohwayo
Data publication:
Funding Agency : European Union; and the Lake Victoria Environmental Management Project (LVE.iVll')
Copyright/patents/trade marks: African Journal of Ecology
Journal Publisher: African Journal of Ecology
Affiliation: Lake Victoria Fisheries Organisation,' PO Box 1625, Jinja, Uganda
Keywords: condition, food, management, Nile perch,


Nile perch was introduced into lakes Victoria and Kyoga in the 1950s and 1960s from Lake Albert. The changes in prey eaten and the life history characteristics of Nile eerch in lakes Victoria and Kyoga from the 1960s to 1990s were examined and compared with Lake Albert. The dominant prey eaten changed from haplochrornines, Caridina TIl/aliea, Rastrineobola argentea, and Nile perch juveniles. The condition factor deteriorated from 1.4 in 1960s to 1.2 in 1990s, compared with 1.3 in Lake Albert suggesting a I reduction in food supply, Therefore, exploitation of Nile
I perch prey -should be controlled. The size atfust maturity increased from 3Q-40 to 40-50 em and 50-59 to 80-100 em for males and females, which is similar
to Lake Albert.. Sex ratios decreased from 85-100 to 20-65 females for every 100--U'iaJes suggesting that Nile perch had less capacity to replenish its stocks such that breecling females should be protected. As males mature at 50-55.em and females at 80-100 cm, immature males of <50 cm and breeding females of>100 em could be protected through size selective exploitation of fish of 50-100 cm using gillnets of 127-254 mm.