Item Details

Title: Evaluation and large-scale dissemination of orange-fleshed sweetpotato in SubSaharan Africa

Date Published: 2003
Author/s: Kapinga, R., Zhang, D., Andrade, M., Lemaga, B., Mwanga, R., Laurie, S., Ndolo, P., and Kanju, E.
Data publication:
Funding Agency :
Copyright/patents/trade marks: African Crop Science Society
Journal Publisher: African Crop Science Journal
Affiliation: International Potato Center ( CIP), P.O Box 22274, Kampala, Uganda.
2 USDA-ARS-BARC-PSI, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Barc-West, BELTSVILLE, USA
IITA/SARRNET, P.O Box 2100, Maputo, Mozambique
4Regional Network for the Improvement of Potato and Sweetpotato in East and Central
Africa (PRAPACE), P.O. Box 22274, Kampala, Uganda.
5Namulonge Agricultural and Animal Production Research Institute, Box 7084, Kampala,
6 ARC-Roodeplaat, P/Bag X293, East Lynne, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
7Kenya Agricultural Research Insitute – Kakamega , P.O. Box 169, Kakamega, Kenya
Keywords: Evaluation, large-scale dissemination, orange-fleshed sweetpotato, SSA


Current breeding strategies for sweetpotato in sub Saharan Africa (SSA) emphasizes:
breeding orange-fleshed sweetpotato (OFSP) with high dry matter content and resistance
to sweetpotato virus disease (SPVD), pathogen clean up of promising cultivars for the
large scale testing, multiplication and dissemination. Breeding new sweetpotato with high
dry matter and high beta-carotene was started by CIP in 1996. Research and development
is carried out in collaboration with a range of institutional partners, including NARIs,
universities, NGOs, farmers’ groups and community-based organizations. Rigorous
evaluation and dissemination of the first batch have resulted to several varieties that are
acceptable to consumers. In Kenya, varieties Zapallo, SPK 004 and Salybolo are good for
high yields and good root characteristics. In Uganda, Ejumula, Kala and SPK 004 have
been identified for wider adaptability in different agroecologies and desirable consumer
acceptance. The same for Zapallo, Japon Tresimesino and Tainung 64 in Tanzania. In
South Africa, varieties Resisto, W-19 and Excel have been selected for high dry matter,
high beta-carotene content and processing onto value added products. Distribution of
more than twenty promising clones has been done to Madagascar, Mozambique, Ethiopia, Uganda, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Egypt, Zanzibar, Malawi, D.R. Congo and
Sudan. Over 10 million cuttings of planting material of improved varieties were
multiplied and distributed in East African region, covering over 360 hectares of farmers’ fields.