Banana is still the most preferred staple crop in Uganda. Its ability to fruit all year round makes it more important for household food security and income. However, of recent, the crop has faced decline in productivity attributed to diseases (Banana Xanthomonas Wilt and Black Sigatoka),
weevils, nematodes, soil degradation, low use of fertilizers, low adoption of improved crop management techniques, variation in prices among others.
In order to reverse the decline in productivity, the National Banana Research Programme (NBRP) of National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) Uganda and other development partners have developed, evaluated and promoted technologies.