s are vital to mitigate climate change. Climate change presents new and urgent challenges to achieving su ainable forest management ma. Changes in temperature and moisture regimes make forest ecosystems vulnerable to insects, pathogens and invasive species. Expanded global trade through the exploitation of new
and local climatic change may increase
arket opportunities is increasing the movement of forest pests globally,the potential for these pests to become established in new areas. Extreme weather events also threaten forests, forest health and peoples' livelihoods.