The study explored the theory that on-farm conservation of cassava germplasm
is influenced by farmers’ traditional and cultural preferences of particular varieties. Traditional knowledge practices that are used for on-farm conservation of cassava germplasm
as well as cassava attributes for selection were assessed. The findings obtained from the
study indicated that farmers use traditional knowledge to select and preserve cassava
germplasm for future use. It was also clear that farmers have their preferences such as
culinary attributes, storability in the ground, early maturity and cooking quality to mention
but a few that influence the decisions taken to retain or abandon cultivation of varieties.
Therefore, by planting varieties in multiples plots, replanting immediately after harvesting,
sharing with others in the community and planting disease-free materials, farmers ensure
that they preserve varieties of interest for decades. The information generated during this study could inform development policies tailored toward ensuring sustainable on-farm conservation of cassava genetic resources.