Sesame is normally called 'Simsim' in Eastern Africa and it is a traditional and important oilseed crop in Uganda . It is regarded as a self pollinated crop with 50-60% of out-crossing. It is one of the most important ancient oilseed crops grown throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Most of the world's sesame growing area is found in India, Myanmar, China, Sudan, Nigeria, with 68% of the total world production. It is often referred to by the epithet"the queen of oil seeds"beca use of its nutritive value, quality and quantity of its oil which is rich in vitamin E and a significant amount of I i noleic acid that can control blood cholestrol levels. Despite all these qualities, Its not among the key priority crops supported by Government nor the donor community.