The demand for fish in Uganda and worldwide is increasing due to increasing
human population and health concerns. Fish is preferred over beef because
of its high quality protein with essential amino acids and fatty acids with
lower cholesterol levels in blood and reduce incidences of high blood
pressure and heart diseases. According to FAO, the per capita fish
consumption should be 15 kg.
According to FAO, 50% of the global wild fish stocks were fully exploited
and 25% were over-exploited by the end of the 20th century and yet the
human population was increasing and had reached the 6 billion mark. In
Uganda, capture fisheries production has been declining to the extent that
per capita fish consumption is currently only 8kg which is much below that recommended by FAO.