The development of the Master Plan 1999 - 2003 has been a joint effort. All the work was done by a group of almost 60 participants (including 11 refugee representatives) who represented the different stakeholders of the Programme during a planning workshop held in Moyo town from 26 to 31 October 1998. Inadequate food production and income generation can be considered the core problem of the existing problem situation. Direct causes of the core problem are low crop production; low animal production; inadequate exploitation of river (Nile) fishing and fish-farming potential; inadequate exploitation of apiculture potential; and inadequate marketing and small-scale industry activities. There are many other causes, including root causes such as inadequate planning and management, shortage of funds, and several constraints, e.g. poor communication infrastructure and insecurity. The main Programme purpose is increased food production and income generation, such that by the end of the year 2003, at least 60% of the households should produce a marketable surplus and at least 50% of the households should earn at least USh 50,000 per month. Meeting the Programme purpose will contribute to the overall goal of improved quality of life for the people in Moyo District.