East Africa faces the Indian Ocean and is mostly comprised of wet savanna. The
cultivated area in East Africa is approximately 19% of all of the Sub-Sahara, which
is approximately 0.4ha arable acreage per person. However, the average in East
Africa is said to be much lower than the average in all Sub-Sahara. In recent years,
Africa as a whole has been experiencing increased land pressure due to population
growth, and unlike global trends, grain production per person has decreased. Also,
human population pressure has led to agricultural land expansion through
deforestation, hastening global warming.