Item Details

Title: Solar fruit drying technologies for smallholder farmers in Uganda, A review of design constraints and solutions

Date Published: 2016
Author/s: N. Kiggundu, J. Wanyama, C. Galyaki, N. Banadda, J. H. Muyonga, A. Zziwa, I. Kabenge
Data publication:
Funding Agency :
Copyright/patents/trade marks:
Journal Publisher: CIGR Journal
Affiliation: Department of Agricultural and Bio-Systems Engineering, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University,
P.O. 7062, Kampala, Uganda
2. Department of Food Science and Technology, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P.O. 7062,
Kampala, Uganda)
Keywords: solar fruit dryers, smallholder farmers, design considerations, design standards


Solar fruit drying is a technology that is successfully applied on both domestic and commercial scale among
smallholder farmers in Uganda. However, existing solar drying technologies are marred with multiple deficiencies such as
inefficient conversion of trapped solar radiation to meet required enthalpy, low throughput, long drying times, and inherent
difficulty to achieve acceptable hygiene among others. This review critically examines existing solar drying technologies in
Uganda, highlighting design constraints and plausible solutions for supporting the growing fruit drying industry. The
common types of solar dryers in Uganda are the static-bed box type solar dryer model, the PPI tunnel solar dryer model, the
NRI Kawanda cabinet solar dryer, the hybrid tunnel solar dryer and the UNIDO solar hybrid dryer model. Findings reveal
that the challenges characterizing existing dryers in perspective of design are attributed to; poor material selection, poor mass
and energy transfers, total dependence on solar energy, lack of capacity by local craftsmen to replicate new and improved
models, difficulty to clean the dryers caused by inapt model configurations, and high cost of installation to mention a few.
Therefore, a need exists to develop efficient and affordable designs using scientifically proven methods such as Computer
Fluid Dynamics to pre-test and optimize the dryer and incorporating alternative energy sources in the design to ensure an
all-weather dryer. Additionally, disseminate such innovations to farmers, retool local artisans with quality fabrication skill
sets, and develop simple manual with standards and fabrication procedures for the fruit dryers